Types of Rhinoplasty

Rhinoplasty is one of the most versatile facial surgeries in use today. In addition to being capable of meeting diverse aesthetic objectives, this procedure can correct a number of different functional problems with the nose. Some of the most popular forms of rhinoplasty are discussed below:

Functional Rhinoplasty

Functional rhinoplasty is used to correct structural problems with the nose, though it is usually possible to combine cosmetic alterations with this type of procedure. Functional rhinoplasty is often necessary when a patient has breathing problems as a result of a congenital abnormality, such as a deviated septum or an unusually flat nasal bridge. By altering the nasal passageways, a surgeon can help the patient achieve better air flow through the nose, thereby allowing him or her to breathe more easily. This has a range of secondary benefits for the patient; it can, for example, cure sleep apnea and make it much easier for the patient to exercise. Functional rhinoplasty can also be used to remove nasal polyps (growths that sometimes form within the nasal passages and interfere with breathing).

Cosmetic Rhinoplasty

Cosmetic rhinoplasty is a type of nose surgery that is performed with the specific intention of altering the appearance, rather than the functionality, of the patient’s nose. There are several “sub types” of cosmetic rhinoplasty that serve different aesthetic goals:

  • The reduction rhinoplasty. As the name suggests, reduction rhinoplasties are used to reduce the overall size of the patient’s nose. When a person has a nose where either the bridge or the tip is too prominent (or both of these features are too prominent), he or she can choose to have these features reduced in size via rhinoplasty surgery. Reduction rhinoplasty is also used to correct an overly “bulbous” nasal tip by making it thinner and more refined. These alterations will ensure that the patient’s nose no longer distracts observers from his or her other features. They also help the patient to look better in photographs (as camera lenses tend to accentuate the nose). This is why reduction rhinoplasties are popular with those in the entertainment industry.
  • The augmentation rhinoplasty. While most people think of rhinoplasty surgery as being used exclusively for the purpose of nose size reduction, this operation can actually be used to make the nose larger as well. When a person has a broad face and a narrow nose, for example, rhinoplasty can be used to build up the bridge of the nose so that it’s more proportional with the rest of the face.
  • The ethnic rhinoplasty. The ethnic rhinoplasty is a type of rhinoplasty procedure that is optimized for a particular ethnicity, e.g., African-American, Asian, Hispanic, Caucasian, or Middle Eastern. It’s important to make sure your rhinoplasty surgeon takes your ethnicity into account because people from different ethnic groups have very different nasal structures. People of African-American descent, for example, have thick, strong nasal skin and cartilage, whereas people of European descent have thin, delicate nasal skin and cartilage. These differing tissue compositions pose unique challenges for rhinoplasty surgeons. As such, it’s strongly recommended that you make sure the surgeon you choose has prior experience performing rhinoplasty surgery on people of your ethnicity.

Revision Rhinoplasty

Revision rhinoplasty refers to rhinoplasty surgery that is conducted in order to correct the unfavorable results of a previous nose operation. Revision rhinoplasty may be used to achieve either functional or cosmetic goals. For example, if the patient has had a reduction rhinoplasty and ended up with a nose that is too small for his or her tastes, revision rhinoplasty can be used to make the nose slightly larger. Likewise, if a patient has had a cosmetic rhinoplasty and experienced complications (such as impaired breathing), revision rhinoplasty can restore the functionality of the nose.

Post-Traumatic Rhinoplasty

Post-traumatic rhinoplasty is used to rebuild the noses of patients who have been severely injured. If a patient has had his or her nose badly broken in an automobile accident, for example, he or she can turn to post-traumatic rhinoplasty in order to have both the appearance and functionality of his or her nose repaired. Note that if you have been in a bad accident and need to have your nose repaired, it’s perfectly acceptable to ask your surgeon to make your nose more attractive than it was before, if you wish to. In this way, you can make the best of a bad situation and hopefully emerge from your accident with improved confidence.

If you have any further questions about rhinoplasty surgery or wish to book a consultation, feel free to contact us for more information.